Crimes committed by juveniles can potentially carry the same consequences as the same crime committed by an adult. The major difference is that original court of jurisdiction is the Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court rather than the General District Court. The focus of the proceedings is on reforming the child rather than simply punishing the child.
The judge has greater discretion to place the child in a program to attempt reform in lieu of incarceration or fines. While parents are not typically held liable for the actions of their child, they could be charged with contributing to the delinquency of a minor if there is evidence that the child committed the crime at the behest or with the full knowledge of the parents.
Juveniles who are charged with crimes that include incarceration are typically kept in separate facilities from the adult counterparts. This is to ensure that the child may receive counseling and education and to protect them from potential abuse by adult inmates.
In many circumstances the court may opt for house arrest. In this case, the child is confined to his own home and permitted only to leave under specific circumstances.
In particularly serious crimes the state may ask the court to treat the minor child as an adult. If that is granted, the child will not have reform as readily available as an option for sentencing. Also in sentencing the child may be sent to adult incarceration facilities and be given the exact same punishment as an adult would receive.